The online structural analyser STRIAN is a unique free online software intended for students and teachers. STRIAN 2015 was created by Miroslav Stibor and Petr FrantÃk. Its core employs Matrix Stiffness Method for analysis and was ported from existing Java application MaFoDeM (another free software for structural analysis). Note that you will be able to export model from STRIAN towards MaFoDeM by pressing Shift + Solve button from the menu.
You may want to start with clicking the Settings to switch to imperial units (if you are not familiar with the metric system). Note that you can drag any dialog around by its handle and there is a contextual help available if you click the blue icon with a question mark.
The bars start and end at nodes. Nodes are by-products of creating the structure. Your supports or hinges can be placed only at nodes. A load can be placed anywhere.
You will likely start the structure by creating bars (spans). Let you use pointer at the beam's start and let you be guided by the network of grid lines to enter the bar's end. It is almost as simple as drawing. Or type relative coordinates of the endpoint explicitly into the dialog shown meanwhile.
The bottom grayed dashed line bellow the beam shows where the bottom of the beam is. It is only a matter of convention, which is useful when reading shear force diagrams later. You can change the bottom surface for vertical bars by drawing them from the other ends.
If bars cross each other then they do not interact unless the junction is managed to be their node.
If you are finished or need to start at another place, either
You can modify created geometry by
Note: the bars can be selected also by clicking on them.
Drag the node to change the geometry. Note that the functionality is limited and you will likely lose forces (loading) if already applied there.
Finally, press ESC or Abort icon to unselect the beams.
Let's assume that both ends are to be fixed and the middle node is to be loose, i.e. designed as a hinge. First, let you call the Supports icon from the menu, select Fixed support (as required by design) and press Run it button to enter the chosen support type at nodes which you point further.
Escape the Supports dialog since we have to enter the hinge then.
If the dialogs are closed, press Hinges button. Entering a hinge is an analogy to entering a support. But instead of pointing a node you have to point a beam and watch whether the hinge(s) are placed at the required end. If not, point the same beam again until the hinges are placed to your satisfaction. Note: in some cases (structure with braces) you may want to apply hinges to more braces at once rather than pointing brace after brace. That is a case when the bulk mode is handy: apply the function to a selected set of bars or braces. The bulk mode is useful for solving a truss.
Such feature is not implemented and the below structure depicts a workaround. Although you can't enter inclined roller, there's a way to substitute it by means of a bar:
Press Loads button from the toolbar menu. A load can be entered, modified and deleted. A continuous load can be entered only within one span. If you intend to have a continuous load through more spans, you have to repeat the process for each span.
The simplest way to modify or delete a load is to click on the load itself and follow the instructions then.
If your model is valid, let you press Solve button from the menu. After a while the reactions will appear.
Let you use Diagrams button to control whether and how the internal forces and deflections are drawn.
In the above screenshot the deflections are drawn and reactions are disabled. You can also read horizontal and vertical deflection in predetermined points of the structure if you point cursor there (that's usually not possible on touchscreens, so you have to click instead then). In our above model the deflections would not provide meaningful values as no section was defined.
You have two positions for saving your project. The first one is Autosave and you can't save into this position freely since the program maintains it itself. It's handy to use this one to recover in case of an emergency: let you open the Autosave position in such case. It can save you from creating your model again.
The second position can be used to save your project on your request.
This software uses several libraries
Click on the below image to enter the structural analyser.